In 1998, two thinkers made a bet: Christof Koch bet a case of fine wine, saying that by 2023 someone would discover a signature for consciousness, David Chalmers disagreed.
We are now down to the last 3 years before we know who won this bet, but no one is close to finding the truth [the Templeton World Foundation took it upon itself to finally settle this question, read The Quest For Consciousness for more info].
The attached 2018 article clarifies the assumptions surrounding the two positions. It also summarizes the various ideas about the materialist basis of consciousness and looks at the two leading ideas on the source of consciousness: the global workspace theory and the integrated information theory.
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